The oral irrigators also called Dental water jet, Waterpick, Water Flosser are oral health devises for home use. They generally use pulsating water to remove dental plaque or food remains between teeth or under the gum line.
They are used for a better hygiene especially in people that are being treated for periodontitis, gingivitis, orthodontic problems, those who have bridge work, crowns or implants in their mouth.
Water flossers are not a substitute for normal brushing and flossing, but their use is beneficial in compliance with careful oral hygiene.
From a study of Southern California University it was found that just by using a 3 second pulsating water (1200 pulses/minute) at medium pressure (70 psi) will remove 99.9% of plaque biofilm (group of microorganisem that stick to each other on the tooth surface and form a slimy, glue like substance) in treated areas.
The purpose of oral irrigation is to reduce the bacterial colonies and therefore to reduce the risk or reduce the severity of gum disease and all it’s symptoms. The water flossing will help in reducing gum bleeding, gingivitis, periodontal disease and pocket depth.
There are several products you can choose from but like your toothbrush you need to use it daily and to learn how to use it properly.
Types of oral irrigators
- The most common type is the pulsed flow irrigator by Waterpik Technologies, but in the market you can find also steady stream or direct flow irrigators.
- A variation of oral irrigators is the pulsed flow, magnetized irrigator that is supposed to charge water so it decreases calculus formation as an added property. Some studies have shown that this kind of irrigator has shown a decrease in tartar formation on the lower anterior teeth but it doen’t have better properties in bleeding reduction or gingivitis reduction than other oral irrigators.
- Another type of irrigator incorporates micro bubbles of air in the water stream. These bubbles serve to enhance plaque disruption and so a reduction in gum inflammation. Although in a study by Frascella et. Al this kind of irrigator produced by Braun Oral B, called OxyJet was safe to use it didn’t show any difference in the reduction of clinical parameters compared to other types of water flosser.
An important characteristic when choosing an oral irrigator is the tip of the irrigator. The most common is the standart tip or the jet tip. It can deliver the irrigant nearly in 50 % of the pocket depth.
Pik Pocket™ by Waterpik Technologies is another tip that can be helpful in people with periodontal disease for subgengival irrigation. Is is a soft latex free rubber tip that can fit Waterpik oral irrigators and it can penetrate at least 90% of the pocket depth. That can be a very helpful tool to clean periodontal pockets or to deliver antimicrobial substances to the depth of the periodontal pocket.
Another type is the Ora-tec tip designed for both standard and sulculus irrigation with Via-Jet irrigator.
Daily use of an oral irrigator is beneficial to the oral health. It’s purpose is the removal of unattached plaque and to dilute toxins. It’s also helpful in reducing gingivitis especially for people that don’t or can’t properly floss. The third reason for it daily use is to improve bad breath by using the tongue cleaner attachment designed to reduce pathogenic bacteria.
So we explained why water flosser can be a great tool to help you achieve a maximum oral hygiene. But if it not used properly it can cause more harm than good. So would be better to ask advice from your dentist on how to use the oral irrigator the right way depending on the kind of oral problems you have.
Generally patient should direct the tip in a 90º angle with the long axes of the tooth and away from the gingival margin at about 3 mm. You should follow gingival margin and stay nearly 5-6 second in the interproximal areas (between teeth). Irrigation should be performed for both, the buccal and for the lingual area. For people with moderate to advanced periodontitis is advisable the daily subgingival irrigation but only as advised by your dentist or dental hygienist.
Here we prepared a top list of 5 Best Oral Irrigators you can find in the market
Has a contemporary and compact design. It is easy to use. Has an on/off switch on the handle. It has also a timer for a 1 minute or 30 second pacer to help you do a better flossing. It takes just a minute each day to insure yourself a better hygiene, a fresher breath and a healthier mouth. It can be used for anyone who has implants, who has orthodontic appliances, periodontal disease or crowns and bridgework. It’s combination between pulsation and water pressure insures a better cleaning in the interdental space and under the gum line, helping you to remove as much bacteria as possible, food remains and toxins also. You can control water flow with a practical switch so you don’t make a mass while cleaning your teeth.
Pros- Very Effective. You can setting the water pressure as you like with its 10 options. Has a gum massage option.
Cons- Needs an Electrical Socket
Final word- The best oral irrigator on the market with its variety of features although it it electrically powered.
Philips with its advance technology has created an easy to use home device. It is both fast and gentle to remove the plaque with this air floss. It creates a 30 second cleaning with a rapid burst of air and micro-droplets. It is very simple to use you just have to fill it’s tank with water or mouthwash as you dentist advised and you are ready to go.
Pros- Trim and small design.
Cons- A small water tank.
Final word- Effective and elegant water flosser that might need some water fill-ups each use.
It has a better battery life than it precursor thanks to the high quality lithium ion batteries which give this device much more power. It has also an easier to fill tank with a wide opening on the back.
It has a better motor which makes less noise, about 68 % less.
The last but not the list improvement it’s the release button of the tips. With the earlier version you had to do a lot of force just to remove the tip, now it simple, just press the button. This version promotes an easier way of water flossing, promotes healthier gums by removing bacteria from deep pockets or along the gum line, a fresher breath and it can be used for implants, bridgework and braces.
Pros- easy to fill water tank, quiet motor
Cons- Small water tank and some problem with the recharging
Final Word- Very popular because for some it made a difference in their oral health and it has also an affordable price
It comes with a slim design and with a 165 ml water tank. The Panasonic Water Flosser removes any debridis in difficult places to reach with normal floss or toothbrush, and it is still gentle to the gums. When your’re not using it you can empty the water tank and compress the device to about half its size and that makes it perfect for people who travel frequently. It operates on battery
Pros- It is easy to use and the small size makes it easy to travel with. Affordable price
Cons- It doesn’t have a variety of settings, just two speeds. Using the rechargeable batteries it not recommended from some customers
Final word- A simple, battery option for those that don’t want to spent a fortune.
It has a small design and it doesn’t need much space because you just attach it to your faucet when you need to use it.When you want to shut it off simply turn the faucet off and the water flow will stop. It’s powered by the faucet and not electricity so it’s noise free because it doesn’t have a motor. You don’t have to change batteries or refill it, making it really simple to use. Profloss 4190 will help you having a fresh breath, remove the bacteria left behind and will massage your gums.
Pros- Doesn’t need batteries and easy to use. Affordable price.
Cons- May require an adapter for your facet.
Final Word- A very likable an affordable irrigator with some small critics.